Mobile app development is a set of processes and procedures involved in writing software for small, wireless computing devices such as smartphones and other handheld devices. Similar to web app development, mobile app development has its roots in more traditional software development. Mobile apps are usually written to take advantage of the specific features of a particular mobile device.
Android software development is the process by which applications are created for devices running the Android operating system. Android is an open-source and Linux-based operating system for mobile devices such as smartphones and tablet computers. Android offers a unified approach to application development for mobile devices which means developers only need to develop for Android and their applications should be able to run on different devices powered by Android. Android apps are written using languages like Java, Kotlin, and C ++, including the Android Software Development Kit (SDK).
Hybrid application development is the creation of a single application that can run on multiple operating systems, including Windows, Android, and iOS.When developers create hybrid software, they include a single code bar for all platforms. This means they only have to write the code once and then be able to run it anywhere.
IOS app development is the process of creating applications for devices running the iOS operating system. These include the iPhone, iPad, iPod Touch, Smart Apple TV, Apple Watch, and much more. The main programming languages that power iOS apps are Objective-C and Swift.
Game app development is the art of making games for all the devices (Android, iOS, and Windows) and describes the design, development, and release of a game. It can be involved in creating, designing, constructing, testing, and publishing ideas. Mobile game app development services include:
Custom app development is the process of creating an app that is tailored specifically to your business needs. Fully or partially customized, such an app is designed to meet the needs of a specific audience rather than an entire group. Almost all apps you see on the market are custom-based. However, many of them have out-of-the-box features that have been integrated from third parties. Typically, such integrations are for chat, management boards, CRM, and other functions.
The first stage of the mobile app development process is to define a strategy for developing your idea into a successful app. You can include more important pieces in your overall enterprise mobility strategy. Because the goals of one app may be different from another, there are still app-specific implications for mobile strategy during development. At this stage, you will:
At this stage, your application idea starts to take shape and becomes an actual project. Analysis and planning begin with defining use cases and capturing detailed functional requirements. After determining the requirements of the application, prepare the product roadmap. This includes prioritizing mobile application requirements and grouping them into delivery milestones. If time, resources, or cost are an issue, define your minimum viable product (MVP) and prioritize it for initial release. Part of the planning phase involves identifying the skills needed for your application development plan. For example, iOS and Android mobile platforms use different development stacks. If your goal is to build mobile applications for the iOS and Android mobile platforms, your mobile development team should include both iOS developers and Android developers.
The success of a mobile application depends on how well users adopt and benefit from all its features. The goal of mobile app UI/UX design is to create a great user experience that makes your app interactive, intuitive, and user-friendly. While a refined UI design aids early adoption, your app must have an intuitive user experience to keep app users engaged.
Planning remains an integral part of this phase of Mobile app development. Before the actual development/programming work begins, you must:
A typical mobile application project consists of three components: the backend/server technology, the API, and the mobile application frontend.
This section includes the database and server-side objects required to support the functionality of the mobile application. If you are using an existing backend platform, modifications may be required to support the desired mobile functionality.
An application programming interface (API) is a method of communication between an application and a backend server/database.
The front-end is the native mobile application that the end-user will use. In most cases, mobile applications contain an interactive user experience that uses APIs and a backend for managing data. In some cases, when an application needs to allow users to work without internet access, the application may use local data storage.
You can use almost any web programming language and database for the backend. For native mobile applications, you must choose the technology stack required for each mobile OS platform. iOS applications can be developed using Objective-C or Swift programming languages. Android applications are mostly built using Java or Kotlin.
Performing comprehensive Quality Assurance (QA) testing during mobile application development can make applications stable, usable, and secure. To ensure comprehensive QA testing of your application, you first need to prepare test cases that address all aspects of application testing. Similar to the way use cases drive the mobile application development process, test cases drive mobile application testing. Test cases are used to execute test steps, record test results for software quality assessment, and track fixes for retesting. The best practice is to involve your QA team in the analysis and design phases. Familiarity with the functional requirements and goals of the application will help generate accurate test cases.
Publishing a native mobile app requires submitting your app to the App Store, Apple App Store for iOS apps, and Google Play for Android apps. However, before launching your mobile app, you need a developer account with the Apple App Store and Google Play Store.
Publishing an app in the app store requires preparing metadata, including:
Once submitted to the Apple App Store, an IOS app goes through a review process that can take anywhere from a few days to a few weeks, depending on the quality of your app and how well it follows Apple’s iOS development guidelines. If your application requires a user log in, you will need to provide Apple with a test user account during the release process.
Android apps do not have any review process and they are available in the app store within a few hours of submission.
Once your app is live on the app store, monitor its usage and track key performance indicators (KPIs) with a mobile analytics platform to measure your app’s success. Check frequently for crash reports or other user-reported issues.
Encourage users to provide feedback and suggestions about your app. Prompt support for end-users and frequent application improvements are critical to keeping users engaged. Unlike web apps, where app users can get patched versions immediately, mobile app updates must go through the same submission and review process as the initial submission. Also, with native mobile apps, you must keep abreast of technological advancements and regularly update your apps to accommodate new mobile devices and operating system platforms.
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